Takes pictures and output as jpeg image over UART
This camera module can be a pretty neat project addition. It was designed to be used in security systems and does two main things - it outputs NTSC monochrome video and can take snapshots of that video (in color) and transmit them over the serial link. You can snap pictures at 640x480, 320x240 or 160x120 and they're pre-compressed JPEG images which makes them nice and small and easy to store on an SD card. Perfect for a data-logging, security, or photography project.
One nice thing about this particular camera is all the 'extras' that come with it. For example it has manually adjustable focus, auto-white-balance, auto-brightness and auto-contrast taken care of for you as well as motion detection built in! That means you can have it alert your project when something moved in the frame.
Using the module is pretty easy and only requires two digital pins (or a serial port) - by default it transmits at 38400 baud.